Ken Fussichen's History Of The Day For
December 19th

Home Click on * for the link to the relevant chronology. New Date
1154*The coronation of Henry II (of England) by Theobald at Westminster Abbey.Ref: 16
1187*Paul Scolari begins his reign as Catholic Pope Clement III.Ref: 69
1241*The term "parliament" first used in official English royal document.Ref: 10
1551*Dutch west coast hit by hurricane.Ref: 5
1688*King James II's wife & son flee to France.Ref: 5
1777*A charter is drafted whereby the French government would operate pawn shops.Ref: 62
1783*William Pitt the Younger becomes youngest Prime Minister of England at age 24.Ref: 5
1795*First state appropriation of money for road building, Kentucky.Ref: 5
1823*Georgia passes first US state birth registration law.Ref: 5
1828*South Carolina declares the right of states to nullify federal laws.Ref: 5
1842*US recognizes independence of Hawaii.Ref: 5
1859*Grading started for Market Street RR.Ref: 5
1884*Italy recognizes King Leopold II's Congo Free State.Ref: 5
1889*Bishop Museum founded in Hawaii.Ref: 5
1891*First Negro Catholic priest ordained in US, Charles Uncles, Baltimore.Ref: 5
1900*(Dreyfus) The French Parliament votes amnesty for everyone involved in the Dreyfus Affair.Ref: 2
1903*The Williamsburg Bridge was opened in New York City, across the East River. This was America's first major suspension bridge (1600 feet). It cost $24,000,000 to build in 1903 dollars.Ref: 4
1909*American socialist women denounce suffrage as a movement of the middle class.Ref: 2
1910*First city ordinance requiring white & black residential areas (Baltimore).Ref: 5
1910*Rayon first commercially produced, Marcus Hook PA.Ref: 5
1916*Suriname Bauxite Company forms in Paramaribo.Ref: 5
1919*American Meteorological Society found.Ref: 5
1922 Mrs Theres Vaughn, 24, confessed in court to being married 62 times.Ref: 5
1930*James Weldon Johnson resigns as executive secretary of NAACP.Ref: 5
1931*Joseph A Lyons (C) becomes premier of Australia.Ref: 5
1933*Electric Home & Farm Authority Inc, authorized.Ref: 5
1934 Japan agress to fleet treaty of 1922 & 1930.Ref: 5
1945 Austrian Republic re-establishes.Ref: 5
1945*Congress confirms Eleanor Roosevelt as U.S. delegate to the United Nations.Ref: 2
1948*8th largest snowfall in NYC history (15.3").Ref: 5
1948 2nd political action of Java/Sumatra.Ref: 5
1949 Luxury passenger ship Aquitania is demolished in Garelock Scotland.Ref: 5
1949*WJW TV channel 8 in Cleveland OH (CBS) begins broadcasting.Ref: 5
1950*Tibet's Dalai Lama flees Chinese invasion.Ref: 5
1950*The North Atlantic Council names General Dwight D. Eisenhower as supreme commander of Western European defense forces.Ref: 2
1951*Nazi General Christiansen leaves Netherlands.Ref: 5
1952 Queen Juliana unveals statue "Docker".Ref: 5
1957*Air service between London and Moscow inaugurated.Ref: 10
1961*Indonesian President Sukarno proclaims general mobilization.Ref: 5
1961*British government begins decimal coin system.Ref: 5
1962 Nyasaland secedes from Rhodesia & Nyasaland.Ref: 5
1962*Street signs in Golden Gate Park approved by Park Commission.Ref: 5
1963*Zanzibar becomes independent from UK.Ref: 5
1965*French President De Gaulle re-elected (Mitterrand gets 45%).Ref: 5
1973 Grenada adopts constitution.Ref: 5
1974*Nelson A. Rockefeller was sworn in as the 41st vice president of the United States.Ref: 70
1975*(US Supreme Court Justice) John Paul Stevens becomes a Supreme Court Justice.Ref: 5
1976*President Brezhnev receives his 5th Lenin order.Ref: 5
1977 Dutch government of Van Agt/Wiegel forms.Ref: 5
1978*France performs nuclear test.Ref: 5
1978*Indira Gandhi ambushed in India.Ref: 5
1978*Jury selection begins in Salem OR, in the case of John J Rideout, accused of raping his wife, Greta. (Rideout was later acquitted and the couple divorced after the trial.) (XDG, p 4A, 12/19/2003)Ref: 83
1980*Anguilla becomes a British dependency separate from St Kitts.Ref: 5
1980*Iran requests $24 billion in US guarantees to free hostages.Ref: 5
1982*Four bombs explode at South Africa's only nuclear power station in Johannesburg.Ref: 2
1984*China People's Republic performs nuclear test at Lop Nor People's Rebublic of China.Ref: 5
1984*Britain and China signed an accord returning Hong Kong to Chinese sovereignty on July 1st, 1997.Ref: 70
1986*The Soviet Union announced it had freed dissident Andrei Sakharov from internal exile, and pardoned his wife, Yelena Bonner.Ref: 70
1988*Unexploded WWII bomb found in Frankfurt, Germany-5,000 evacuated.Ref: 5
1989*American Airlines purchases Eastern Airline's Latin American route.Ref: 5
1991*Boris Yeltsin takes control of Kremlin.Ref: 5
1991*The failed Bank of Credit and Commerce International agreed to settle federal racketeering charges by forfeiting all its U.S. assets.Ref: 64
1991*Patricia Bowman, who had accused William Kennedy Smith of raping her, told ABC's "Prime Time Live" she was shocked by his acquittal.Ref: 64
1993*Guinee General Lansana re-elected president.Ref: 5
1993 Israeli Foreign Minister Shimon Peres and senior PLO officials end two days of closed-door talks in Oslo Norway, in which they sought to break a deadlock over Palestinian self-rule in the occupied territories. (XDG, p 4A, 12/19/2003)Ref: 83
1995*Queen Elizabeth askes Prince Charles & Diana to divorce.Ref: 5
1996*The school board of Oakland, CA., voted to recognize black English, also known as "Ebonics," in a decision that set off a firestorm of controversy (the board later modified its stance).Ref: 70
1998*Two days after his confession of marital infidelity, Rep. Bob Livingston, R-La., told the House he wouldn't serve as its next speaker.Ref: 70
1998*President Clinton was impeached by the Republican-controlled House for perjury and obstruction of justice. The 42nd chief executive became only the second in history to be ordered to stand trial in the Senate, where, like Andrew Johnson before him, he was acquitted.Ref: 70
1999 After 442 years, Macau's colonial rule ends; Portuguese turn over government to China.Ref: 10
2000*A volcano outside Mexico City spewed a fiery fountain of ash and rock in its most spectacular eruption in more than a millennium. It left towns around the mountain’s base deserted as frightened residents fled. The eruption of the 17,886-foot mountain was its biggest show in 1,200 years, as the mountain, known locally as ‘Popo’, filled nearby valleys with lava.Ref: 4
2000*The U.N. Security Council voted to impose broad sanctions on Afghanistan's Taliban rulers unless they closed "terrorist" training camps and surrender U.S. embassy bombing suspect Osama bin Laden.Ref: 70
2000*U.S. President-elect George W. Bush completed a three-day visit to Washington and departed for TX after visits with President Bill Clinton and Vice President Al Gore. Bush greeted the man he was about to succeed, saying, "I'm here to listen." Clinton, the outgoing Democratic chief executive, said his only advice to the Republican was "to get a good team and do what you think is right."Ref: 4
2001 Argentina's president, Fernando De la Rua, decrees a state of siege as the country's economic crisis triggers violence. (XDG, p 4A, 12/19/2002)Ref: 83
2002*Secretary of State Colin Powell declares Iraq to be "in material breach" of a UN disarmament resolution. (XDG, p 4A, 12/19/2003)Ref: 83
2002*Roh Moo-hyun wins South Korea's presidential election. (XDG, p 4A, 12/19/2003)Ref: 83
2002*After a prosecutor cited new DNA evidence, a judge in New York threw out the convictions of five young men in a 1989 attack on a Central Park jogger who had been raped and left for dead.Ref: 70
1606*The original Jamestown settlers set sail from Blackwall, England. Ref 
1854*Allen Wilson of Connecticut patents sewing machine to sew curving seams.Ref: 5
1863*Linoleum patented by Frederick Walton in London.Ref: 10
1871*Corrugated paper is patented by Albert L. Jones of New York City.Ref: 4
1871*Samuel Clemens (MT!) gets patent for 'improvement in adjustable and detachable garment straps.'Ref: 10
1888*Stanley's expedition reaches Fort Bodo, East-Africa.Ref: 5
1928*Harold Pitcarin flies the first autogyro in the US at Willow Grove, PA. (XDG, p 4A, 12/19/2000)Ref: 83
1958*First radio broadcast from space (President Eisenhower voice "To all mankind, America's wish for Peace on Earth & Good Will to Men Everywhere").Ref: 5
1960*Mercury-Redstone 1A reaches 210 km in test flight.Ref: 5
1962*Transit 5A1, first operational navigational satellite, launched.Ref: 5
1963*The Explorer satellite was launchedRef: 62
1971*NASA launches Intelsat 4 F-3 for COMSAT Corp.Ref: 5
1972*Apollo 17 splashes down in the Pacific, ending the Apollo program of manned lunar landings.Ref: 70
1985*Mary Lund is first woman to receive a Jarvik VII artificial heart.Ref: 5
1985*STS 61-C scrubbed at T -13 seconds because of SRB auxiliary power problem.Ref: 5
1988*NASA unveils plans for lunar colony & manned missions to Mars.Ref: 5
1055 Seldjuken under Toghril Beg occupy Baghdad.Ref: 5
1562*The French Wars of Religion between the Huguenots and the Catholics begins with the Battle of Dreux. Anne de Montmorency & huguenots under Condé capturedRef: 2
1774*A second armed crown ship, the Scarborough, arrives in Portsmith, NH harbor, also at the request of New Hampshire's Governor Wentworth. Ref 
1777*General George Washington led his army of about eleven-thousand men to Valley Forge, PA, to camp for the winter. (XDG, p 4A, 12/19/2003)Ref: 83
1788 Chinese troops occupy capital Thang Long Vietnam.Ref: 5
1793*French troops recapture Toulon from the British.Ref: 2
1861*Battle of Black Water.Ref: 5
1862*Confederate General Nathan B. Forrest begins tearing up the railroads in Union generals Grant and Rosecrans rear, causing considerable delays in the movement of Union supplies.Ref: 2
1862*Skirmish at Jackson/Salem Church TN (80 casualties).Ref: 5
1939*Russian air & ground attack against Finnish positions near Summa.Ref: 5
1941*Japanese land on Hong Kong and clash with British troops.Ref: 2
1941*US Office of Censorship created to control info pertaining to WWII.Ref: 5
1941*German submarine U-574 sinks.Ref: 5
1941*Hitler takes complete command of the German Army.Ref: 36
1941*L M Dovator Russian general, dies in battle.Ref: 5
1942*The British advance 40 miles into Burma in a drive to oust the Japanese from the colony.Detachment 101 in Burma.Ref: 2
1943*Military coup in Bolivia.Ref: 5
1944*During the Battle of the Bulge, American troops begin pulling back from the twin Belgian cities of Krinkelt and Rocherath in front of the advancing German Army.Ref: 2
1946*War breaks out in Indochina as Ho Chi Minh's troops launch widespread attacks against the FrenchRef: 5
1998*President Clinton halts air strikes against Iraq after a fourth day of attacks. (XDG, p 4A, 12/19/2003)Ref: 83
1887*Jake Kilrain & Jem Smith fight 106 round bare knuckle draw.Ref: 5
1891*Canadian Rugby Union forms.Ref: 5
1904*The Dawson City (Yukon) hockey team begins 9 day walk to get a boat to Seattle to catch a train to Ottawa to play in the Stanley Cup on January 13 1905.Ref: 5
1913*Jack Johnson fights Jim Johnson to a draw in 10 for hw boxing title.Ref: 5
1917*The first games of the new National Hockey League were played on this day. Five teams made up the league: Toronto, Ottawa, Quebec, the Montreal Canadiens and the Montreal Wanderers.Ref: 4
1920 First US indoor curling rink opens (Brookline MA).Ref: 5
1928*Senators' player-manager Bucky Harris is traded to the Tigers for infielder Jack Warner. The future Hall of Famer will replace George Moriarity (68-86, 6th place) as the Motor City skipper.Ref: 1
1936*The Braves purchase Eddie Mayo from the Giants.Ref: 1
1948*Cleveland Browns beats Buffalo Bills 49-7 in AAFC championship game.Ref: 5
1948*Philadelphia Eagles shutout Chicago Cardinals 7-0 in NFL championship game.Ref: 5
1959*Penn State’s Nittany Lions beat Alabama, 7-0, in the first Liberty Bowl football game. The game was played in the Philadelphia Stadium in Philadelpha, PA. It was the first time Alabama played an integrated team. It was the last time Alabama takes a train to a game. Ref 
1974*Dave Kryskow scores Washington Capitals first NHL shorthanded goal.Ref: 5
1976*A single-engine plane crashes into the upper deck of Baltimore's Memorial Stadium injuring the pilot and three others. Minutes prior to the mishap the plane had buzzed the stadium during the final moments of the Steelers play-off victory over the Colts.Ref: 1
1981*Dwight Braxton KO's Matthew Saad Muhammad in the 10th round in Atlantic City, NY for the light-heavyweight boxing title.Ref: 97
1984*Wayne Gretsky, 23, of the Edmonton Oilers led his hockey team to a 7-3 victory over Los Angeles. He got two goals and four assists and became only the 18th player in the National Hockey League to score more than 1,000 points.Ref: 4
1984*The Buffalo Sabres defeat the Chicago Black Hawks 6-3, making Sabres coach Bobby Bowman the first National Hockey League coach to win 691 games. (XDG, p 4A, 12/19/2000)Ref: 83
1985*Jan Stenerud announced his retirement from the NFL. The football kicker holds the record for the most career field goals with 373. He made those field goals while kicking for the KS City Chiefs, Green Bay Packers and Minnesota Vikings beginning in 1967.Ref: 4
1985*ABC Sports announced that it was severing ties with Howard Cosell and released ‘The Mouth’ from all TV commitments. ‘Humble’ Howard continued on ABC radio for another five years.Ref: 4
1986*Michael Sergio, who parachuted into Shea Stadium during game 6 of the World Series, sentenced to 100 hours of community service & fined $500.Ref: 5
1986*Jack Morris agrees to salary arbitration with former team Tigers & accuses owners of collusion against free agency.Ref: 5
1987*Garry Kasparov ties Analoly Karpov in a world championship chess match at 12-12 played at the Lope de Vega Theatre in Seville, Spain, retaining his title as World Champion.Ref:78
1987*Bruins' Linseman & Blues' Doug Gilmore score goals, 2 seconds apart.Ref: 5
1988*OK's College football team gets 3 year probation.Ref: 5
1989*Larry Bird (Celtics) begins NBA free throw streak of 71 games.Ref: 5
1991*The Orioles sign Rick Sutcliffe as a free agent. The former 1984 Cy Young Award winner was 6-5 with a 4.10 era with the Cubs last season.Ref: 1
1991*The Blue Jays sign free-agent veteran DH/outfielder Dave Winfield. The former Angel hit .286 and 28 HRs last season.Ref: 1
1991*NY Yankee pitcher Steve Howe arrested for cocaine possession.Ref: 5
2001*Several hours before a midnight deadline, Barry Bonds accepts the Giant's offer of salary arbitration. San Francisco's decision to go to arbitration avoids a bidding war for their franchise player, and this season's National League MVP's award will be likely worth at least $20 million for one year of service.Ref: 1
2001*Free agent Moises Alou (.331, 27, 108) signs a $27 million, three-year deal with the Cubs. The former Astro All-Star presence in the Chicago line-up, along with Fred McGriff and Sammy Sosa, will give the team a fearsome 3-4-5 threesome.Ref: 1
1686*Fiction: Robinson Crusoe leaves his island after 28 years (as per Defoe).Ref: 5
1696 Jean-François Regnard's "Le Joueur" premieres in Paris.Ref: 5
1732*Benjamin Franklin (under the name Richard Saunders) begins publication of "Poor Richard's Almanack".Ref: 5
1776*Thomas Paine published his first "American Crisis" essay, writing: "These are the times that try men's souls."Ref: 70
1843 Charles Dickens's "A Christmas Carol" published by Chapman and Hall; 6,000 copies sold by the 24th.Ref: 5
1881*Jules Massenet's opera "Hérodiade" is produced (Brussels).Ref: 5
1890*Fiction: Start of Sherlock Holmes "The Adventure of The Beryl Coronet" (BG).Ref: 5
1918*Robert Ripley began his Believe It or Not column in The NY Globe.Ref: 4
1932 The British Broadcasting Corporation began transmitting overseas with its "Empire Service" to Australia.Ref: 70
1939*A movie premiere audience premiered on TV. Station W2XBS in NY City presented the festivities being held in front of the Capitol Theatre. Bean Grauer was Master of Ceremonies for the event which marked the NY debut of Gone With The Wind. W2XBS, an experimental station, became WCBS-TV. Gone With The Wind became even more famous.Ref: 4
1945 Jean Giraudoux' "La Folle de Chaillot" premieres in Paris.Ref: 5
1946*Noël Coward's musical "Pacific 1860" premieres in London.Ref: 5
1955*Carl Perkins records "Blue Suede Shoes".Ref: 5
1957*Meredith Wilson’s The Music Man opened at the Majestic Theatre in NY City. The Broadway show starred Robert Preston and had a run of 1,375 shows. It also had 76 trombones and 101 cornets in the band ... and a librarian named Marian, remember?Ref: 4
1960*Frank Sinatra recorded his first session with his very own record company. Frank did Ring-A-Ding-Ding and Let's Fall in Love for Reprise Records.Ref: 4
1960*Neil Sedaka’s Calendar Girl was released on RCA Victor Records. The song became Sedaka’s fourth record to make the charts. Other hits from the guy who made money off of a love song for Carole King (Oh, Carol) include The Diary, Stairway to Heaven, Bad Girl, Next Door to an Angel, Happy Birthday Sweet Sixteen, Laughter in the Rain and Breaking Up is Hard to Do.Ref: 4
1961*Judgment At Nuremberg opened in NY City with a star-studded cast including Spencer Tracy, Burt Lancaster, Richard Widmark, Montgomery Clift, Judy Garland, Marlene Dietrich, and Maximillian Schell (he won the Academy Award for Best Actor for his performance). The film received an Oscar for Best Adapted Screenplay plus nine other nominations.Ref: 4
1969*Beatle's 7th Christmas album is released.Ref: 5
1971 Stanley Kubrick's X-rated "A Clockwork Orange" premieres.Ref: 5
1971*CBS airs "Homecoming A Christmas Story" (introducing the Waltons).Ref: 5
1971*"Inner City" opens at Barrymore Theater NYC for 97 performances.Ref: 5
1973*Johnny Carson pulled a good one before a nationwide late-night audience on NBC. Carson started a fake toilet-paper scare. In his Tonight Show monologue, he told his huge audience that a Wisconsin congressman had warned that toilet paper was disappearing from supermarket shelves. Toilet paper soon became a scarce commodity in many areas of the United States after the gag.Ref: 4
1973*"Molly" closes at Alvin Theater NYC after 68 performances.Ref: 5
1974 "The Man With the Golden Gun" premieres in US.Ref: 5
1975*Ron Wood joined the Rolling Stones.Ref: 5
1976*Jo Ann Washam/Chi Chi Rodriguez win Pepsi-Cola Mixed Team Golf Championship.Ref: 5
1980 Mutual Broadcasting cancels Sears Radio Theater.Ref: 5
1985*"Wind in the Willows" opens at Nederlander Theater NYC for 4 performances.Ref: 5
1991*"Christmas Carol" opens at Eugene O'Neill Theater NYC for 14 performances.Ref: 5
1993*"Red Shoes" closes at Gershwin Theater NYC after 5 performances.Ref: 5
1996*The television industry unveiled a plan to rate programs using tags such as "TV-G," "TV-Y" and "TV-M."Ref: 64
1996*"Once Upon a Matress" opens at Broadhurst NYC for 187 performances.Ref: 5
1997*MTV drops video "Smack My Bitch Up" by ProdigyRef: 5
1997 A big day for new movies in the U.S.: Titanic, starring Leonardo Dicaprio Kate Winslet Billy Zane and Kathy Bates, the biggest grossing movie of all time (has topped the $600-million mark); Mouse Hunt, with Nathan Lane, Lee Evans, Christopher Walken and Vicki Lewis; and Tomorrow Never Dies, starring Pierce Brosnan as Bond... James Bond, Judi Dench as M, Desmond Llewelyn as Q, Samantha Bond as Moneypenny.Ref: 4
2003*University of Alabama, Department of Art and Art History, formerly of Xenia OH, Gary H Chapman is selected to show three of his paintings in the Biennale Internazionale DelliArte Contemporanea in Florence Italy. (XDG, p 1, 12/19/2003)Ref: 83
1036*Su Tung-p'o China, poet/essayist/painter/calligrapher, is born.Ref: 5
1498*Andreas Osiander Germany, Protestant Reformation theologist, is born.Ref: 5
1683*Philip V, Versailles France, the first Bourbon King of Spain (1700-24, 24-46), is born.Ref: 5
1723 Susanne K von Klettenberg German friend of Goethes mother, is born.Ref: 5
1744*Jacobus J Cramer priest of Holland/Zealand/West-Friesland, is born.Ref: 5
1753*John Taylor Virginia, philosopher (Jeffersonian Democracy), is born.Ref: 5
1778*Marie-Thérèse-Charlotte daughter of King Louis XVI & Marie-Antoinette, is born.Ref: 5
1779*Auguste-Gaspard-Louis Desnoyers Paris France, engraver, is born.Ref: 5
1783*Charles-Julien Brianchon France, mathematician (Brianchon's theorem), is born.Ref: 5
1790*Sir William Edward Parry explorer: Arctic & Northwest Passage expeditions, is born.Ref: 4
1792*[Andries] Hendrik Potgieter Cape Colony, settled Transvaal, is born.Ref: 5
1796*Manuel Breton de los Herreros Quel Spain, poet/comic playwright, is born.Ref: 5
1797*Josef Theodor Krov composer, is born.Ref: 5
1808*Birth of Horatius Bonar, Scottish clergyman and poet. He authored several missionary biographies and penned over 600 hymns, including "I Heard the Voice of Jesus Say".Ref: 5
1809*Pierre-Joseph van Beneden Belgium, paleontologist (life cycle of tapeworms), is born.Ref: 5
1813*Thomas Andrews Belfast Ireland, chemist/physicist (ozone), is born.Ref: 5
1814*Edwin M[cMasters] Stanton Ohio, US Secretary of War (1861-65), is born.Ref: 5
1817*James Jay Archer Brigadier-General (Confederate Army) died in 1864, is born.Ref: 5
1819*James Clifford Veatch Brevet Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1895, is born.Ref: 5
1821*Mary Ashton Livermore American reformer/women's suffrage leader, is born.Ref: 5
1824 Hercules Robinson Ireland, South Africa Commissioner (1880-89, 1895-97), is born.Ref: 5
1825*George Frederick Bristow composer, is born.Ref: 5
1831*Princess Bernice Pauahi Bishop Hawaii, is born.Ref: 5
1832*John Kirk Barry Scotland, Dr/companion to explorer David Livingstone, is born.Ref: 5
1836*Maria L Sanford pioneer educator (PTA), is born.Ref: 5
1837*John Carpenter Carter Brigadier-General (Confederate Army), died in 1864, is born.Ref: 5
1849*Henry Clay Frick Pennsylvania, built world's largest coke & steel operation, is born.Ref: 5
1852*A[lbert] A Michelson Strelno Prussia, US physicist (Nobel 1907), is born.Ref: 5
1860*Birth of Frank E. Graeff, American Methodist clergyman. Well_known for his interest in children's ministry and for his storytelling abilities, Graeff also authored over 200 hymns, including "Does Jesus Care?".Ref: 5
1861*Constance [Clara] Garnett Brighton England, Russian-English translator, is born.Ref: 5
1861*Italo Svevo Trieste Austria, Italian novelist (La Coscienza di Zeno), is born.Ref: 5
1864*Adolf Sandberger composer, is born.Ref: 5
1865*Minnie Fiske (Marie Augusta Davey) actress: first appeared on stage at age of three; is born in New Orleans LA.Ref: 4
1865 Hermann Hirt Magdeburg Prussia, linguist (Indo-European Grammar), is born.Ref: 5
1865*Tikhon Toropets Pskov Russia, patriarch of Russian Orthodox/saint, is born.Ref: 5
1869 Eduard Hermann Coburg Saxe-Coburg-Gotha, German linguist (Homer), is born.Ref: 5
1875*Carter G Woodson New Canton VA, American historian (black studies), is born.Ref: 5
1876*Carlo Gatti composer, is born.Ref: 5
1878*Anton Lajovic composer, is born.Ref: 5
1879*Beals C Wright tennis champion (US Open-1905), is born.Ref: 5
1879*Otto Emanuel Olsson composer, is born.Ref: 5
1880*Nemesio Otano y Eugenio composer, is born.Ref: 5
1882*Walter Braunfels composer, is born.Ref: 5
1883*[Francis] Barry Byrne Chicago IL, architect, is born.Ref: 5
1883*Louis Davids [Simon David] Dutch cabaret performer/chorus performer, is born.Ref: 5
1884*Antonín Zápotocky premier/President of Czechoslovakia, is born.Ref: 5
1884*Ferdinando Liuzzi composer, is born.Ref: 5
1885*F S Flint London England, translator/poet (imagist movement), is born.Ref: 5
1888*Fritz Reiner Budapest Hungary, conductor (Pittsburgh Symphony 1938-48), is born.Ref: 5
1890*Klaas Schilder Dutch theologist/vicar (Occupied Territory), is born.Ref: 5
1891*Edward Bernard Andre Maria Raczynski Poland, president-in-exile (1979-86), is born.Ref: 5
1893*Harry Blomberg Swedish author (Mäster Jacob), is born.Ref: 5
1894*Ford C Frick baseball commissioner (1951-65), is born.Ref: 5
1894*Paul Dessau Hamburg Germany, composer/conducter (Berlin, 1925-33), is born.Ref: 5
1894*Yoshida Isoya Tokyo Japan, architect (modern sukiya style), is born.Ref: 5
1895*Ingeborg Refling-Hagen Norwegian author/poet (Loke Saar Havre), is born.Ref: 5
1895*Maurice Roelants Belgian author (Jazz Player), is born.Ref: 5
1896*John Seldon Whale theologian, is born.Ref: 5
1897*Louis Darquier de Pellepoix France, anti-Semite/nazi collaboratorRef: 5
1901*Oliver [Hazard Perry] La Farge, NY NY, anthropologist/novelist (Laughing Boy), is born.Ref: 5
1901*Vitorino Nemésio Portuguese author (Presença), is born.Ref: 5
1902*Sir Ralph Richardson England, actor (David Copperfield, Dr Zhivago, Anna Karenina), is born.Ref: 5
1902*Leonard Hirsch British violinist/orchestra leader (RAF Symphony Orchestra), is born.Ref: 5
1903*George Davis Snell, American geneticist (H-2 gene) and Nobel Prize winner, is born in Bradford MA.Ref: 70
1903*Cyril Dean Darlington England, biologist (hereditary mechanisms), is born.Ref: 5
1903*Theo Harych writer, is born.Ref: 5
1905*Charles Robert Owen Medley dancer/choreographer, is born.Ref: 5
1906*Leonid Brezhnev, Soviet General Secretary of the Communist party and President of the Supreme Soviet from 1964 until 1982, is born.Ref: 2
1906*H Allen Smith Illinois, humorist/author (Armchair Detective, Low Man on the Totem Pole, Rhubarb), is born.Ref: 5
1910*Jean Genet Paris France, novelist/dramatist (The Blacks), is born.Ref: 5
1910*Jose Lezama Lima Havana Cuba, poet/novelist, is born.Ref: 5
1915*Edith Piaf, internationally famous French cabaret singer, best remembered for her songs "La Vie en rose" and "Non, je ne regrette rein., is born.Ref: 2
1916*Hal Hastings New York NY, orchestra leader (Chevrolet on Broadway), is born.Ref: 5
1916*Adriaan van der Veen Dutch writer (Sister at Sea), is born.Ref: 5
1917*Graham Sharp ice skater, is born.Ref: 5
1920*David Susskind Emmy Award-winning producer: The Ages of Man [1966], Death of a Salesman [w/Daniel Melnick, 1967], executive producer: Eleanor and Franklin-ABC Theatre [1976], Eleanor and Franklin: The White House Years-ABC Theatre [1977]; Kraft Television Theatre, Good Company; TV host: Open End, The David Susskind Show; is born in New York NY.Ref: 4
1920*‘Little’ Jimmy Dickens, Country Music Hall of Famer: Country Boy, My Heart’s Bouquet, May the Bird of Paradise Fly Up Your Nose, is born in Bolt WV.Ref: 4
1920*Ragnild Hveger Denmark, 400 meter swimmer (Olympics-silver-1936), is born.Ref: 5
1921*Ludvik Podest composer, is born.Ref: 5
1922*Walter Höllerer writer, is born.Ref: 5
1923*Luigi Innocenti designer, is born.Ref: 5
1924*Doug Harvey, hockey: NHL: Montreal Canadiens [Norris Trophy: 1955-58, 1960-61], NY Rangers [Norris Trophy: 1962], is born.Ref: 4
1924*Edmund Purdom England, actor (Asissi Underground, Pieces), is born.Ref: 5
1924*Peter Prowtiny English real estate developer/multi-millionaire, is born.Ref: 5
1925*Tankred Torst writer, is born.Ref: 5
1926*Bobby Layne NFL QB (Detroit Lions), is born.Ref: 5
1926*Jeanne Kirkpatrick US ambassador to UN, is born.Ref: 5
1928*Galt MacDermot composer: Hair, Cotton Comes to Harlem, Two Gentlemen of Verona, Take This Bread, Karl Marx Play, Isabel’s a Jezebel, is born in Montreal Canada.Ref: 4
1928*Michael Hurd composer, is born.Ref: 5
1929*Howard Sackler Pulitzer Prize-winning author: The Great White Hope [1969]; Fear and Desire, Jaws 2; is born.Ref: 4
1929 Herman T M Lauxtermann Dutch 2nd chamber member (VVD), is born.Ref: 5
1930*-Actor James Booth is born.Ref: 64
1933*Cicely Tyson, Emmy Award-winning actress: The Autobiography of Miss Jane Pittman [1973-74], Oldest Living Confederate Widow Tells All [1993-94]; Roots, Fried Green Tomatoes, Heat Wave, Sounder, is born in Harlem NY. (TWA, 1998)Ref: 4
1933*James Booth London England, actor/writer (Zulu, Robbery, Revenge), is born.Ref: 5
1934*Al Kaline Baltimore MD, Hall of Fame outfielder (Detroit Tigers/American League bat champion 1955), is born.Ref: 5
1934*Rudi Carrell [Rudolf W Kesselman] Dutch showmaster, is born.Ref: 5
1935*Tony (Antonio Nemesio Sanchez) Taylor, baseball: Chicago Cubs, Philadelphia Phillies [all-star: 1960], Detroit Tigers, is born.Ref: 4
1938*Barbara Steele Trenton Wirrall England, actress (Came from Within), is born.Ref: 5
1940*Phil Ochs folk singer, songwriter: There But for Fortune, Doesn’t Lenny Live Here Anymore?, Here’s to the State of Richard Nixon; is born in El Paso TX.Ref: 4
1941*Maurice White singer, musician: drummer; founder of group: Earth, Wind & Fire: Shining Star, Sing a Song, Got to Get You into My Life, After the Love Has Gone, Best of My Love, is born in Memphis TNRef: 4
1942*Bob Windsor, football: Univ. of Kentucky, New England Patriots, is born.Ref: 4
1942*Jean-Patric Manchette thriller writer, is born.Ref: 5
1943*William De Vries Brooklyn NY, surgeon-inventor (Symbion artifical heart), is born.Ref: 5
1944*Tim Reid Norfolk VA, comedian (Venus Flytrap-WKRP, Frank's Place), is born.Ref: 5
1944*Richard Leakey anthropologist, author: Origins Reconsidered: In Search of What Makes Us Human, is born.Ref: 4
1944*Alvin Lee, musician: group: Ten Years After, is born.Ref: 4
1944*Zal Yanovsky, musician: guitar, singer: group: The Lovin' Spoonful, is born.Ref: 4
1944*Birth of Andrew Robert Culverwell, American sacred music songwriter. This contemporary music artist has written such popular Christian songs as "Born Again" and "Come On, Ring Those Bells."Ref: 5
1945*Elaine Joyce Cleveland OH, actress (City of Angels, Mr Merlin), is born.Ref: 5
1945*John McEuen rocker (Nitty Gritty Dirt Band), is born.Ref: 5
1946*Marianne Faithfull Hampstead England, singer (Money, As Tears Go By), is born.Ref: 5
1947*Larry Ely, football: Univ. of IA [all-star 1969], Cincinnati Bengals, is born.Ref: 4
1947*Robert Urich, US actor, is born in Toronto OH.Ref: 68
1947*Janie Fricke South Whitley IN, country singer (It Ain't Easy Bein' Easy), is born.Ref: 5
1949*Claudia Kolb U.S. Olympic Gold swimmer: 200-meter Individual Relay and 400-meter Individual Relay [1968], is born.Ref: 4
1949*Lenny White rocker, is born.Ref: 5
1951*Fred W Leslie Ancon Panama, PhD/astronaut (STS 73), is born.Ref: 5
1952*Jeff Davis, musician: bass: group: Amazing Rhythm Aces, is born.Ref: 4
1952*Janie Fricke, singer: CMA Female Vocalist of the Year [1982 and 1983], is born.Ref: 4
1956*Alice Barrett New York NY, actress (Frankie Frame-Another World), is born.Ref: 5
1957*Kevin McHale, Basketball Hall of Famer, his number retired by the Celtics, is born.Ref: 4
1957*Doug Johnson rock keyboardist (Loverboy-Get Lucky), is born.Ref: 5
1957*Liz Glazowski Chicago IL, playmate (April, 1980), is born.Ref: 5
1958*Limahl British rocker (Kajagoogoo-Too Shy), is born.Ref: 5
1958*Rick Pearson Marianna FL, Nike golfer (1990 Yuma Open), is born.Ref: 5
1959*Edward Metgod Dutch soccer goalie (Haarlem, Sparta), is born.Ref: 5
1959*Kathryn "Furu" Carpenter Marshall MI, fencer-epee (Olympics-96), is born.Ref: 5
1960*Daryl Hannah Chicago IL, actress (Splash), is born.Ref: 5
1960*Mike Lookinland Mount Pleasant UT, actor (Bobby-Brady Bunch), is born.Ref: 5
1961*Reggie White NFL defensive end (Green Bay Packers-Superbowl 31), is born.Ref: 5
1962*Bettina Huebers Hamburg German Federal Republic, illegitimate daughter of Paul McCartney, is born.Ref: 5
1963*Jennifer Beals Chicago IL, actress (Flashdance, Bride), is born.Ref: 5
1963*Chris Greatrex LPGA golfer (1995 Fielcrest Cannon Classic-71st), is born.Ref: 5
1963*Karen Bliss-Livingston Quakertown PA, cyclist (Olympics-96), is born.Ref: 5
1964*Beatrice Dalle Breast France, actress (Betty Blue, Sabbath), is born.Ref: 5
1964*Arvydas Sabonis NBA center (Portland Trailblazers), is born.Ref: 5
1964*Lorie Kane Prince Edward Island Canada, LPGA golfer (du Maurier Ltd-1994, 95), is born.Ref: 5
1964*Mike Fetters Van Nuys CA, pitcher (Milwaukee Brewers), is born.Ref: 5
1964*Randall McDaniel NFL guard (Minnesota Vikings), is born.Ref: 5
1965*Chuckii Booker rocker, is born.Ref: 5
1965*Jessica Steen Toronto Ontario, actress (Earth II, Homefront, Trial & Error), is born.Ref: 5
1966*Alberto "La Bomba" Tomba Italian skier (Olympics-gold-1988, 92), is born.Ref: 5
1966*Robert MacNaughton actor: I am the Cheese, E.T.: The Extra-Terrestrial, is born in New York City.Ref: 4
1966*Courtney Griffin CFL defensive back (Winnipeg Blue Bombers), is born.Ref: 5
1966*Eric Weinrich Roanoke, NHL defenseman (Chicago Blackhawks), is born.Ref: 5
1966*Monique Oliver Malibu CA, WPVA volleyballer (US Open-4th-1994), is born.Ref: 5
1966*Roberto Beam soccer player (Vitesse/MVV), is born.Ref: 5
1967*Doug Johns South Bend IN, pitcher (Oakland A's), is born.Ref: 5
1968*Jennifer Devine Portland OR, rower (Olympics-96), is born.Ref: 5
1969*Kristy Swanson actress: Dude, Where’s My Car?, Pretty in Pink, Knots Landing, Nightingales, Hot Shots!, Buffy the Vampire Slayer, Marshal Law, Bad to the Bone, Early Edition, is born.Ref: 4
1969*Michael Bates NFL wide receiver (Cleveland Browns, Carolina Panthers), is born.Ref: 5
1969*Mike Alexander WLAF corner (Rhein Fire), is born.Ref: 5
1969*Santana Dotson NFL defensive tackle (Green Bay Packers-Superbowl 31), is born.Ref: 5
1969*Scott Pearson Cornwall, NHL left wing (Buffalo Sabres), is born.Ref: 5
1969*Tom Gugliotta NBA forward (Minnesota Timberwolves), is born.Ref: 5
1970*Zac Foley rock bassist (EMF-Unbelievable), is born.Ref: 5
1970*Jon Cleveland Fresno CA, Canadian 100 meter/200 meter swimmer (Olympics-bronze-92, 96), is born.Ref: 5
1970*Robert Lang Teplice Czechoslovakia, NHL forward (Team Czechoslovakia Representative, Los Angeles), is born.Ref: 5
1970*Wendy Miles Australia, golfer (1993 T77 Alpine Australian Ladies Masters), is born.Ref: 5
1971*Amy Locane Trenton NJ, actress (Andrea-Spencer, Sandy-Melrose Place), is born.Ref: 5
1971*Jen[nifer] Dore Kearny NJ, rower (Olympics-4th-96), is born.Ref: 5
1971*Mike Groh WLAF quarterback (Rhein Fire), is born.Ref: 5
1972*Alyssa Jane Milano Brooklyn NY, actress (Samantha-Who's the Boss, Jennifer-Melrose Place, Phoebe-Charmed), is born.Ref: 5
1972*Warren Sapp NFL defensive tackle (Tampa Bay Buccaneers), is born.Ref: 5
1972*Waverly Jackson DL (Carolina Panthers), is born.Ref: 5
1973*Kebu Stewart NBA forward (Philadelphia 76ers), is born.Ref: 5
1974*Bryant Westbrook cornerback (Detroit Lions), is born.Ref: 5
1974*Jake Plummer quarterback (Arizona Cardinals), is born.Ref: 5
1975*Casual [Jon Owens] rapper, is born.Ref: 5
1975*Kristin Folkl St Louis MO, volleyball outside hitter (alternate-Olympics-96), is born.Ref: 5
1977*Maria Joana Parizotto Miss Universe-Brazil (1996), is born.Ref: 5
1978*Lauren Petty Miss New Jersey Teen USA (1997), is born.Ref: 5
1980*Marla Sokoloff actress: Dude, Where’s My Car?, Home Improvement, Party of Five, 3rd Rock from the Sun, 7th Heaven, Baby-Sitters Club, True Crime, Whatever It Takes, is born.Ref: 4
1981*Stevie Ficker Miss Oregon Teen USA (1997), is born.Ref: 5
1996*Paige Speakman England, born 19 days before her twin sisterRef: 5
401*St Anastasius I Bishop of Rome (399-401), dies.Ref: 5
1370*Urban V [Guillaume de Grimoard] first Avignon Pope (1362-70), dies.Ref: 5
1614*Melchior Bischoff composer, dies at 67.Ref: 5
1741*Vitus J Bering Dutch navigator/explorer, dies.Ref: 68
1749*Francesco Antonio Bonporti composer, dies at 76.Ref: 5
1798*Charles-Joseph Panckoucke publisher (Moniteur Universel), dies at 62.Ref: 5
1800*Georg Peter Weimar composer, dies at 66.Ref: 5
1804*Mary Bright British PM Rockingham, dies.Ref: 5
1810*Johann Heinrich Egli composer, dies at 68.Ref: 5
1813*James McGill, Scottish-born Canadian fur trader, merchant and politician, dies at age 69.Ref: 70
1815*Michel Woldemar composer, dies at 65.Ref: 5
1815*Robert Hudson composer, dies at 83.Ref: 5
1823*Nicolas-Joseph Hullmandel composer, dies at 67.Ref: 5
1832*Philip Freneau, Poet of the American Revolution: The Indian Burying Ground; dies.Ref: 4
1848*Emily Bronte author: Wuthering Heights; dies at age 30.Ref: 4
1848 Adam van Duyn governor of South Holland, dies at 77.Ref: 5
1851*Joseph Mallord William Turner, English landscape painter, dies at age 76.Ref: 70
1867*Jean-Georges Kastner composer, dies at 57.Ref: 5
1867*Victims of "Angola Horror" burned to death (Angola NY).Ref: 5
1907*A coal mine explosion in Jacobs Creek, PA., kills 239 workers.Ref: 70
1911*John Bigelow, American diplomat, author and editor of Benjamin Franklin's autobiography, dies at age 94.Ref: 70
1914 Johann F Ritter von Schulte German catholic lawyer, dies at 87.Ref: 5
1915*Dr. Alois Alzheimer, first to describe the disease named after him, dies at 51.Ref: 4
1925*Jose Ignacio Quinton composer, dies at 44.Ref: 5
1939*Eric Fogg composer, dies at 36.Ref: 5
1939*Karl Wagenfeld Low German writer (Lucifer, Death & Devil), dies at 70.Ref: 5
1939*Willem Benoy Flemish actor/director (The White), dies at 57.Ref: 5
1951*Barton Yarbrough actor (Dragnet), dies at 51.Ref: 5
1953*Rudolf Leonhard writer, dies.Ref: 5
1953*Robert A Millikan US physicist (photoelectric effect; Nobel 1923), dies at age 85.Ref: 70
1957*John W Van Druten US stage/screenwriter (I Remember Mama), dies at 56.Ref: 5
1959*The last Civil War veteran, Walter Williams dies in Houston, Texas, at the age of 117.Ref: 4
1960*Fire aboard USS Constellation, under construction in Brooklyn (50 die).Ref: 5
1966*Ehm Welk writer, dies at 82.Ref: 5
1967*Alfred Courtens Belgian sculptor, dies at 78.Ref: 5
1968*Norman Thomas, American social reformer; frequent Socialist Party candidate for U.S. president, dies at age 84.Ref: 70
1977*Nellie Taylor Ross first woman governor, dies at 101.Ref: 5
1982 Dwight Macdonald dies.Ref: 10
1982 Arthur Rubinstein dies.Ref: 10
1982*Jean-Jacques Grunenwald French organist/composer, dies at 71.Ref: 5
1982*Lawrence Collingwood composer, dies at 95.Ref: 5
1984*Fire at the Wilberg Mine in central Utah killed 27 people.Ref: 5
1984*Michel Magne composer, dies at 54.Ref: 5
1989*Dorothea "Stella" Gibbons English journalist/author, dies at 87.Ref: 5
1990*Basil Henson actor (Change Partners), dies of stroke at 71.Ref: 5
1991*Ernest K Gann US adventure novelist, dies at 81.Ref: 5
1991*Paul Maxwell actor (City of Fear, Freedom to Die), dies at 70.Ref: 5
1993*Michael ‘Mike’ Clarke (Michael Dick), 49, the original drummer for The Byrds, dies of liver failure at his Treasure Island (St. Petersburg FL) home. Clarke, the youngest of the Byrds, joined the group at its inception in 1964, and stayed with the band through the end of 1967. He had sparked a lawsuit from other original band members in 1989 when he started performing under the Byrds’ name.Ref: 4
1993*Anthonius "Ton" Kors writer (Time of Anton de Lange), dies at 47.Ref: 5
1993*Antoon Veerman Dutch ARP Assistant Secretary of Education (1973-75), dies at 77.Ref: 5
1994*Noel Pointer jazz violinist, dies at 39.Ref: 5
1995*Dame Ruth Nita Barrow governor-General of Barbados, dies at 79.Ref: 5
1995 Harold Watkinson politician/businessman, dies at 85.Ref: 5
1995*Janet Wilder stuntwoman, dies at 29.Ref: 5
1996*Marcello Mastroianni (Marcello Vincenzo Domenico Mastrojanni) actor: White Nights, Yesterday, Today and Tomorrow, Used People, Divorce, Italian Style, La Dolce Vita; dies at age 72.Ref: 68
1996*Ronald Howard actor (Hunting Party, Koroshi), dies at 78.Ref: 5
1996*Yuli Borisovich Khariton scientist, dies at 82.Ref: 5
1997 Masaru Ibuka co-founder (Sony Corp), dies at 89Ref: 5
1997*SilkAir Boeing 737-300 plunges from the sky, crashing into an Indonesian river killing all 104 aboard. (XDG, p 4A, 12/19/2002)Ref: 83
1997*Milwaukee postal worker Anthony Deculit kills a co-worker he feuded with, wounds a supervisor and injures another worker before taking his own life. (XDG, p 4A, 12/19/2002)Ref: 83
1997*David Norman Schramm physicist, dies at 52.Ref: 5
1998*Mel Fisher underwater film maker, dies from bladder cancer at 76Ref: 5
1999*Desmond Llewelyn, who starred as the eccentric scientist "Q" in a string of James Bond films, is killed in a head-on car crash near Firle, East Sussex.Ref: 9
2000*John V. Lindsay politician: two-term mayor of NY City [1966-1973]; dies at age 79.Ref: 4

Last Update: October 27th, 2005
© 2000-2005   Kenneth Fussichen